"Minder pijnklachten oudere werknemers na legaliseren wiet in staten VS"

Bron: Nu.nl - 22 maart 2019 - "Minder pijnklachten oudere werknemers na legaliseren wiet in staten VS" - Oudere werknemers lijken te profiteren van het gebruik van medicinale wiet. Uit Amerikaans onderzoek blijkt dat oudere werknemers in staten waar medicinale wiet legaal is, meer uren werken en minder chronische pijnklachten ervaren. De onderzoekers hebben werknemers van 51 jaar en ouder, die in aanmerking kwamen voor medicinale wiet, bestudeerd gedurende een periode van tien jaar. De onderzoekers analyseerden ruim 100.000 reacties op enquêtes die tussen 1992 en 2012 werden uitgevoerd. Gekeken is naar hun gezondheid vóór en nadat medicinale wiet in hun staat was gelegaliseerd. Het onderzoek wordt gepubliceerd in het wetenschappelijke tijdschrift Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (zie hieronder).

THE EFFECT OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA LAWS ON THE HEALTH AND LABOR SUPPLY OF OLDER ADULTS:EVIDENCE FROM THE HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY - Lauren Hersch Nicholas, Johanna Catherine, Maclean Working Paper 22688, NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH, 8September 2016, Revised March 2018

ABSTRACT - Older adults have the highest rates of many health conditions for which medical marijuana may beeffective in moderating symptoms and are at elevated risk of reducing labor supply due to poor health.Surprisingly little is known about how this group responds to medical marijuana laws. We providethe first estimates of the effects of state medical marijuana laws on the health and labor supply of adultsage 51 and older, focusing on those with medical conditions that may respond to medical marijuana.We use longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study to study these questions using differences-in-differencesregression models. Three principle findings emerge from our analysis. First, we document that medicalmarijuana law passage leads to reductions in chronic pain and improvements in self-assessed healthamong older adults. Second, we show that passage of a state medical marijuana law leads to increasesin older adult labor supply, with effects concentrated on the intensive margin. Third, effects are largestamong older adults with a health condition that would qualify for legal medical marijuana use undercurrent state laws. Findings highlight the role of health policy in supporting work among older adults